Boosting your credit score before you apply for a loan can help you get a better rate, and there are a few ways to pull it off. Mortgage loan officers will check your credit to assist you with loan options as well as ways to improve your credit so you receive the best rate possible.
Check for Errors
Some errors are big enough to damage the consumer’s credit score. The good news: The credit bureaus have to investigate and remove or correct any errors you find.
Order a copy of your credit reports from all three credit bureaus—Equifax, TransUnion and Experian. By law, you are entitled to a free copy every year through AnnualCreditReport.com. Once you have the credit reports in hand, comb through them and dispute any errors you find with the bureau responsible. The credit bureau has 30 days to investigate and remove errors.
Pay Down Credit Card Debt
While any debt has an impact on your credit scores, credit card debt is weighted more heavily than revolving debts such as student loans or auto loans. Paying down your credit card debt can boost your credit scores. Most experts say you should aim to keep your credit card debt at no more than 10% to 30% of your available credit limit.
Ask for Forgiveness
Under the FICO model, bill payment history accounts for 35% of your credit score. Even one late payment is enough to drag down your scores, but you may be able get the black mark removed simply by asking your creditor. Known as a “goodwill deletion,” the creditor may be willing to remove the late payment information if you have an otherwise spotless history with the company. However, creditors aren’t usually willing to do this if you have a history of late payments.
Keep Your Old Accounts Open
If you are working on improving your credit scores before you apply for a mortgage, you may be tempted to cut up your old, unused credit cards and close the accounts. Don't! That will backfire. The length of your credit history accounts for 15% of your credit score. By closing your oldest accounts, you are shortening your overall account length, which will only hurt your credit score. Instead, once you pay off a credit card, tuck it away in a drawer and keep the account open to keep building on your credit history’s length.
Pay On Time, Every Time
Once you have taken steps to lessen the damage of your past, do not let history repeat itself. Aim to pay all of your bills on time each month. Every timely payment you make will add to the positive history on your credit report. Over time, you will see your scores improve across the board.